HTML Paragraphs

HTML Paragraphs

 

The HTML <p> element defines a paragraphs :

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>

</html>

 

This is a paragraph.

This is a paragraph.

This is a paragraph.

Note: Browsers automatically add some white space (a margin) before and after a paragraph.

HTML Display

You cannot be sure how HTML will be displayed.

Large or small screens, and resized windows will create different results.

With HTML, you cannot change the output by adding extra spaces or extra lines in your HTML code.

The browser will remove any extra spaces and extra lines when the page is displayed:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

 

<p>

This paragraph

contains a lot of lines

in the source code,

but the browser 

ignores it.

</p>

 

<p>

This paragraph

contains      a lot of spaces

in the source     code,

but the    browser 

ignores it.

</p>

 

<p>

The number of lines in a paragraph depends on the size of the browser window. If you resize the browser window, the number of lines in this paragraph will change.

</p>

 

</body>

</html>

 

This paragraph contains a lot of lines in the source code, but the browser ignores it.

This paragraph contains a lot of spaces in the source code, but the browser ignores it.

The number of lines in a paragraph depends on the size of the browser window. If you resize the browser window, the number of lines in this paragraph will change.

Don’t Forget the End Tag

Most browsers will display HTML correctly even if you forget the end tag:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

 

<p>This is a paragraph.

<p>This is a paragraph.

<p>This is a paragraph.

<p>Don’t forget to close your HTML tags!</p>

 

</body>

</html>

 

This is a paragraph.

This is a paragraph.

This is a paragraph.

Don’t forget to close your HTML tags!

The example above will work in most browsers, but do not rely on it.

Note: Dropping the end tag can produce unexpected results or errors.

HTML Line Breaks

The HTML <br> element defines a line break.

Use <br> if you want a line break (a new line) without starting a new paragraph:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

 

<p>This is<br>a paragraph<br>with line breaks.</p>

</body>

</html>

 

This is
a paragraph
with line breaks

The <br> tag is an empty tag, which means that it has no end tag.

The Poem Problem

This poem will display on a single line:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

 

<p>In HTML, spaces and new lines are ignored:</p>

 

<p>
  My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

  My Bonnie lies over the sea.

  My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

  Oh, bring back my Bonnie to me.
</p>

 

</body>

</html>

 

In HTML, spaces and new lines are ignored:

My Bonnie lies over the ocean. My Bonnie lies over the sea. My Bonnie lies over the ocean. Oh, bring back my Bonnie to me.

The HTML <pre> Element

The HTML <pre> element defines preformatted text.

The text inside a <pre> element is displayed in a fixed-width font (usually Courier), and it preserves both spaces and line breaks:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

 

<p>The pre tag preserves both spaces and line breaks:</p>

 

<pre>
  My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

  My Bonnie lies over the sea.

  My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

  Oh, bring back my Bonnie to me.
</pre>

 

</body>

</html>

 

The pre tag preserves both spaces and line breaks:

   My Bonnie lies over the ocean.

   My Bonnie lies over the sea.

   My Bonnie lies over the ocean.
   
   Oh, bring back my Bonnie to me.