HTML Blocks

HTML Block and Inline Elements

 

Every HTML element has a default display value depending on what type of element it is.

The two display values are: block and inline.


Block-level Elements

A block-level element always starts on a new line and takes up the full width available (stretches out to the left and right as far as it can).

The <div> element is a block-level element.

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<div style=”border: 1px solid black”>Hello World</div>

<p>The DIV element is a block element, and will always start on a new line and take up the full width available (stretches out to the left and right as far as it can).</p>

</body>

</html>

Hello World

The DIV element is a block element, and will always start on a new line and take up the full width available (stretches out to the left and right as far as it can).

Inline Elements

An inline element does not start on a new line and only takes up as much width as necessary.

This is an inline <span> element inside a paragraph.

 

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<p>This is an inline span <span style=”border: 1px solid black”>Hello World</span> element inside a paragraph.</p>

<p>The SPAN element is an inline element, and will not start on a new line and only takes up as much width as necessary.</p>

</body>

</html>

This is an inline span Hello World element inside a paragraph.

The SPAN element is an inline element, and will not start on a new line and only takes up as much width as necessary.

The <div> Element

The <div> element is often used as a container for other HTML elements.

The <div> element has no required attributes, but styleclass and id are common.

When used together with CSS, the <div> element can be used to style blocks of content:

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<div style=”background-color:green;color:black;padding:20px;”>

  <h2>London</h2>

  <p>London is the capital city of England. It is the most populous city in the United Kingdom, with a metropolitan area of over 13 million inhabitants.</p>

  <p>Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.</p>

</div> 

</body>

</html>

ghhhhhhhhg

The <span> Element

The <span> element is often used as a container for some text.

The <span> element has no required attributes, but styleclass and id are common.

When used together with CSS, the <span> element can be used to style parts of the text:

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h1>My <span style=”color:red”>Important</span> Heading</h1>

</body>

</html>

 

My Important Heading