Html Basic

HTML Basic Examples

Don’t worry if these examples use tags you have not learned.

You will learn about them in the next chapters.


HTML Documents

All HTML documents must start with a document type declaration: <!DOCTYPE html>.

The HTML document itself begins with <html> and ends with </html>.

The visible part of the HTML document is between <body> and </body>.

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

My First Heading

My first paragraph.

HTML Headings

HTML headings are defined with the <h1> to <h6> tags.

<h1> defines the most important heading. <h6> defines the least important heading: 

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h1>This is heading 1</h1>

<h2>This is heading 2</h2>

<h3>This is heading 3</h3>

<h4>This is heading 4</h4>

<h5>This is heading 5</h5>

<h6>This is heading 6</h6>

</body>

</html>

This is heading 1

This is heading 2

This is heading 3

This is heading 4

This is heading 5
This is heading 6

HTML Paragraphs

HTML paragraphs are defined with the <p> tag:

 

<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another paragraph.</p>

This is a paragraph.

This is another paragraph.

HTML Links

HTML links are defined with the <a> tag:

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>HTML Links</h2>

<p>HTML links are defined with the a tag:</p>

<a href=”https://www.w3schools.com”>This is a link</a>

</body>

</html>

HTML Links

HTML links are defined with the a tag:

This is a link

The link’s destination is specified in the href attribute. 

Attributes are used to provide additional information about HTML elements.

You will learn more about attributes in a later chapter.


HTML Images

HTML images are defined with the <img> tag.

The source file (src), alternative text (alt), width, and height are provided as attributes:

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>HTML Images</h2>

<p>HTML images are defined with the img tag:</p>

<img src=”w3schools.jpg” alt=”W3Schools.com” width=”104″ height=”142″>

</body>

</html>

HTML Images

HTML images are defined with the img tag:

 

HTML Buttons

HTML buttons are defined with the <button> tag:

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>HTML Buttons</h2>

<p>HTML buttons are defined with the button tag:</p>

<button>Click me</button>

</body>

</html>

HTML Buttons

HTML buttons are defined with the button tag:

HTML Lists

HTML lists are defined with the <ul> (unordered/bullet list) or the <ol> (ordered/numbered list) tag, followed by <li> tags (list items):

 

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

<h2>An Unordered HTML List</h2>

<ul>

  <li>Coffee</li>

  <li>Tea</li>

  <li>Milk</li>

</ul>  

<h2>An Ordered HTML List</h2>

<ol>

  <li>Coffee</li>

  <li>Tea</li>

  <li>Milk</li>

</ol> 

</body>

</html>

An Unordered HTML List

  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Milk

An Ordered HTML List

  1. Coffee
  2. Tea
  3. Milk