HTML Audio

HTML5 Audio



Audio on the Web

Before HTML5, audio files could only be played in a browser with a plug-in (like flash).

The HTML5 <audio> element specifies a standard way to embed audio in a web page.

The HTML <audio> Element

To play an audio file in HTML, use the <audio> element:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<body>

 

<audio controls>

  <source src=”horse.ogg” type=”audio/ogg”>

  <source src=”horse.mp3″ type=”audio/mpeg”>

Your browser does not support the audio element.

</audio>

 

</body>

</html>

 
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HTML Audio – How It Works

The controls attribute adds audio controls, like play, pause, and volume.

The <source> element allows you to specify alternative audio files which the browser may choose from. The browser will use the first recognized format.

The text between the <audio> and </audio> tags will only be displayed in browsers that do not support the <audio> element.


HTML Audio – Browser Support

In HTML5, there are 3 supported audio formats: MP3, WAV, and OGG.

The browser support for the different formats is: 

Browser

MP3

WAV

OGG

Edge/IE

YES

NO

NO

Chrome

YES

YES

YES

Firefox

YES

YES

YES

Safari

YES

YES

NO

Opera

YES

YES

YES

HTML Audio - Media Types

File Format

Media Type

MP3

audio/mpeg

OGG

audio/ogg

WAV

audio/wav

HTML Audio – Methods, Properties, and Events

HTML5 defines DOM methods, properties, and events for the <audio> element.

This allows you to load, play, and pause audios, as well as set duration and volume.

There are also DOM events that can notify you when an audio begins to play, is paused, etc.

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