While loop in C

The while loop in C language is used to iterate the part of program or statements many times.

In while loop, condition is given before the statement. So it is different from the do while loop. It can execute the statements 0 or more times.

When use while loop in C

The C language while loop should be used if number of iteration is uncertain or unknown.

Syntax of while loop in C language

The syntax of while loop in c language is given below:

 
  • while(condition){  
  • //code to be executed  
  • }  

Flowchart of while loop in C

while loop in C

 


Example of while loop in C language

Let’s see the simple program of while loop that prints table of 1.

 
  • #include<stdio.h>  
  • int main(){    
  • int i=1;      
  • while(i<=10){      
  • printf(“%d \n”,i);      
  • i++;      
  • }  
  • return 0;  
  • }    

Output

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Program to print table for the given number using while loop in C

 
  • #include<stdio.h>  
  • int main(){    
  • int i=1,number=0,b=9;    
  • printf(“Enter a number: “);    
  • scanf(“%d”,&number);    
  • while(i<=10){    
  • printf(“%d \n”,(number*i));    
  • i++;    
  • }    
  • return 0;  
  • }   

Output

Enter a number: 50
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500

Infinitive while loop in C

If you pass 1 as a expression in while loop, it will run infinite number of times. Because 1 is considered to be true

 
  1. while(1){  
  2. //statement  

}