Escape Sequence in C

An escape sequence in C language is a sequence of characters that doesn’t represent itself when used inside string literal or character.

It is composed of two or more characters starting with backslash \. For example: \n represents new line.

List of Escape Sequences in C

Escape SequenceMeaning
\aAlarm or Beep
\bBackspace
\fForm Feed
\nNew Line
\rCarriage Return
\tTab (Horizontal)
\vVertical Tab
\\Backslash
\’Single Quote
\”Double Quote
\?Question Mark
\nnnoctal number
\xhhhexadecimal number
\0Null

 

Escape Sequence Example

 
  • #include<stdio.h>    
  • int main(){    
  •      int number=50;  
  •     printf(“You\nare\nlearning\n\’c\’ language\n\”Do you know C language\””);     
  • return 0;  
  • }     

Output:

You
are
learning
'c' language
"Do you know C language"