Computer are the fastest devices.
They are capable of performing very large amount of data calculation in short terms.
The computer has units of speed in microsecond, nanosecond, and even the picosecond.
It can perform millions of calculations in a few seconds as compared to man who will spend a lot of the time to perform the same task.
In addition to being very fast, computers are very much accurate.
The calculations are 100% error free.
Computers perform all jobs with 100% of accuracy provided that the input is correct.
Memory is a very important characteristic of computers
It can store large amount of data.
It can store various types of data such as images, videos, text, audio, etc.
Unlike human beings, a computer is free from monotony, tiredness, and lack of concentration.
It can work continuously without any error and boredom.
It can perform repeated tasks with the same speed and accuracy.
A computer is a versatile machine.
A computer is very flexible in performing the jobs to be done.
Computer can be used to solve the problems related to almost all fields.
At one instance, it may be solving a complex scientific problem and the very next moment it may be playing a card game.
Computer is a reliable machine even more then humans.
Modern electronic components have long lives.
Computers are designed to make maintenance easy.
Automation is the ability to perform a given task automatically. Once the computer receives a program i.e., the program is stored in the computer memory, then the program and instruction can control the program execution without human interaction.
- Computer is an automatic machine.
Reduction in Paper Work and Cost
The use of computers for data processing in an organization leads to reduction in paper work and results in speeding up the process.
As data in electronic files can be retrieved as and when required, the problem of maintenance of large number of paper files gets reduced.
Though the initial investment for installing a computer is high, it substantially reduces the cost of each of its transaction.
Disadvantages/Advantages of Computers
Following are certain disadvantages of computers.
A computer is a machine that has no intelligence to perform any task.
Each instruction has to be given to the computer.
A computer cannot take any decision on its own.
- If we do same work time and again,computer will not be habitual,for the system all of the work will be like the fresh one.
It functions as per the user’s instruction, thus it is fully dependent on humans.
The operating environment of the computer should be dust free and suitable.
Computers have no feelings or emotions.
It cannot make judgment based on feeling, taste, experience, and knowledge unlike humans.