Speed

  • Computer are the fastest devices.

  • They are capable of performing very large amount of data calculation in short terms.

  • The computer has units of speed in microsecond, nanosecond, and even the picosecond.

  • It can perform millions of calculations in a few seconds as compared to man who will spend a lot of the time to perform the same task.

Accuracy

  • In addition to being very fast, computers are very much accurate.

  • The calculations are 100% error free.

  • Computers perform all jobs with 100% of accuracy provided that the input is correct.

Storage Capability

  • Memory is a very important characteristic of computers

  • It can store large amount of data.

  • It can store various types of data such as images, videos, text, audio, etc.

Diligence

  • Unlike human beings, a computer is free from monotony, tiredness, and lack of concentration.

  • It can work continuously without any error and boredom.

  • It can perform repeated tasks with the same speed and accuracy.

Versatility

  • A computer is a versatile machine.

  • A computer is very flexible in performing the jobs to be done.

  • Computer can be used to solve the problems related to almost all fields.

  • At one instance, it may be solving a complex scientific problem and the very next moment it may be playing a card game.

Reliability

  • Computer is a reliable machine even more then humans.

  • Modern electronic components have long lives.

  • Computers are designed to make maintenance easy.

Automation

  • Automation is the ability to perform a given task automatically. Once the computer receives a program i.e., the program is stored in the computer memory, then the program and instruction can control the program execution without human interaction.

  • Computer is an automatic machine.

Reduction in Paper Work and Cost

  • The use of computers for data processing in an organization leads to reduction in paper work and results in speeding up the process.

  • As data in electronic files can be retrieved as and when required, the problem of maintenance of large number of paper files gets reduced.

  • Though the initial investment for installing a computer is high, it substantially reduces the cost of each of its transaction.

Disadvantages/Advantages of Computers

 

Following are certain disadvantages of computers.

Zero I.Q.

  • A computer is a machine that has no intelligence to perform any task.

  • Each instruction has to be given to the computer.

  • A computer cannot take any decision on its own.

  • If we do same work time and again,computer will not be habitual,for the system all of the work will be like the fresh one.

Dependency

  • It functions as per the user’s instruction, thus it is fully dependent on humans.

Environment

  • The operating environment of the computer should be dust free and suitable.

No Feeling

  • Computers have no feelings or emotions.

  • It cannot make judgment based on feeling, taste, experience, and knowledge unlike humans.